Midwife Legislation in SC
Legislation has been proposed in SC that would severely restrict and possibly eliminate the option for out of hospital birth in South Carolina. http://www.supportscmidwives.com The following letter is what I have written in support of the certified midwives.
To Our Legislators:
I am a family physician practicing in Greer, SC. I have been delivering babies for more than 25 years. When I started my practice in Greer in 2005, I was approached by one of the certified midwives and asked to see their patients as needed and to be available for phone consultation when the need arose. I was initially hesitant because I had heard all of the horror stories and been told how these unqualified ladies were endangering moms and babies with their poor quality care. At that time most of the traditional obstetrical community had frozen them out, but their popularity among patients was growing so cooperating physicians were badly needed. The attitude of most obstetricians was that if they refused to cooperate, the certified midwives would go away. However, because the midwives were filling a need their practices were increasing in size. For those who claimed they were giving the cold shoulder because they were concerned about quality, I did not understand how making access to traditional care more difficult improved the quality of care for those women using the certified midwives.
I decided to make myself available to the certified midwives and their patients. In working with these ladies I have found, quite contrary to my prior perception, that they are well educated in pregnancy and birth. They are compassionate providers of quality care and they know their limits and when they need help. They are not bungling, hicks killing moms and babies. Just because their training process is based on an apprenticeship model, rather than the college model, does not make them untrained.
There is no evidence based data that shows these providers of maternity care are dangerous practitioners. Studies such as this http://www.bmj.com/content/330/7505/1416 in the British Medical Journal have shown otherwise. While I am sure that those championing this bill will site anecdotal cases, the reality is the only cases that most practitioners see are the challenging ones, which gives a false impression as to the risk associated with birthing with a certified midwife. The average practitioner does not see the hundreds upon hundreds of good outcomes. The NICUs across the state are full of babies whose mothers were cared for by obstetricians. Every doctor providing obstetrical care has fetal demises, life threatening postpartum hemorrhages, postpartum infections. There is even the occasional maternal death. Does this mean obstetricians should be regulated out of existence? More likely it means that the certified midwives are being judged by a tougher standard than the obstetricians. If the obstetricians are so much better at providing care to pregnant women, why do they have a cesarean section rate that exceeds 30%, while the midwives have a rate significantly under 10%. Maybe the obstetricians have something to learn from the midwives?
What is really happening is that the certified nurse midwives are providing an alternative for women from the highly medicalized environment of birthing in a hospital. This option is being chosen by an ever increasing number of women and the obstetricians do not like the competition. It is amazing that in the Upstate, where even nurse midwives were resisted for many years, all of a sudden they have opened a nurse midwife practice. Over the last year the Greenville Health System has begun changing their practices so that they are promoting breastfeeding, immediate bonding between mother and infant and a more natural approach to birth. The certified nurse midwives have been providing this kind of care for many years, while they have been seriously criticized for doing so. Now all of a sudden traditional medical care is acting like they discovered it and its benefits.
The proposed legislation would effectively eliminate these providers of care for pregnant women. This would be harmful for all parties:
1) Our political leaders should be working to promote freedom and choice for the citizens of South Carolina. If the certified midwives are regulated out of existence, freedom has been diminished and choice has been eliminated.
2) It is being argued this regulation is needed to protect women from unsafe practitioners. However, other than out of context anecdotal stories, it has not been proven the way things are currently being done is harming women. One thing is sure, because it is happening in other states, if these practitioners go out of business, not all of their clients will go to the hospital. The elimination of these practitioners will dramatically increase the number of unattended births or births attended by individuals who have no means to easily access the medical system. If you want to increase the number of injured and dead moms and babies, this legislation will do it.
3) The American way is the free market and competition, because it makes all parties provide better and less costly services. The elimination of this option for women will diminish this needed pressure on the hospital systems to provide the best possible care for all patients. As I mentioned above, we have seen the positive influence these providers have had on obstetrical care in the Upstate. Do you really want to go back to the way things were?
4) Today all policy makers are struggling to find means of providing lower cost, quality medical care. These practitioners are providing quality obstetrical care for a fraction of the cost of traditional, hospital based care. You should be looking for ways to promote their care, rather than eliminate it.
5) A significant number of the women who use the certified midwives do so because they cannot afford hospital based obstetrical care. What are these families supposed to do if this is no longer an option?
What is the REAL objective of this legislation? If the real objective is to eliminate certified midwives, than this legislation will accomplish that goal. The obstetricians will NOT in any way assist them in carrying out their mission. Several times I have personally been threatened, that I will lose my ability to practice obstetrics as a result of the assistance I provide to them. You can be sure, the obstetricians will not provide direct assistance to them.
On the other hand, if the real goal is to provide the best quality care possible for the pregnant women of this state, than we need to increase the voluntary corroboration between the traditional obstetrical world and the out of hospital midwives. Both groups have things they can learn from the other. Joint conferences where real people talk to each other and cases are reviewed will do much more to improve everyone’s view of the other and improve care than will increasing the regulatory straight jacket.
One of the major criticisms of the midwives is they wait too long to get help. Is it any wonder this happens when they meet with such hostility when they try to get help. The fix to this is to provide easy, friendly access to obstetricians and hospitals. In our local area this approach has already proven to be very helpful. It should be expanded and carried out in other areas.
I applaud the legislators desire to have safe medical care in our state. I contend this legislation will not accomplish that, so it should not be enacted.
Keith Stafford, MD